Although not harmless, there is overwhelming scientific agreement that vaping is far less harmful than smoking, and could assist millions of smokers in escaping the harms associated with combustible tobacco. Below, separated into categories is a list of scientific studies that supports this approach.

Vaping / ENDs is a relatively new and has only been commercially available since 2006 therefore it is vital that research on the topic continues.

PG / VG / Nicotine

No. of studies 7

Cardiovascular System

No. of studies 11

Respiratory System

No. of studies 16


No. of studies 7

Nicotine Levels

No. of studies 5

Dual Use

No. of studies 3

Youth and Regulations

No. of studies 4

Young Adults

No. of studies 6


No. of studies 6